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Welcome to Sunday Chronicle blogspot. Sunday Chronicle is a leading weekly newspaper in Papua New Guinea. It is a community oriented paper and highlights positive issues and developments of the week. We hope this medium of communication can keep you abreast of the happenings and events in the country and abroad.

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This week's local news - July 18 - 21, 2013.

Saturday, January 23, 2010

Psycological findings to help reduce poverty

By HILDEGARD F GANAK UPNG Journalism Student

New data from cutting edge research have shown that poverty reduction in developing countries cannot be achieved without first resolving issues affecting workers in organizations.

Leo Marai, a Psychology Research Academic at the University of Papua New Guinea and a leading scholar of psychology in Oceania says workers' psychological issues must be resolved so they can perform competently in their organization and contribute to development which will in turn help reduce poverty.

Mr. Marai, who is also a coordinator of the international research project 'Are Development Discrepancies Undermining Performance (ADDUP)?' said results from experimental tests on workers from aid administering agencies in six developing countries have shown that salary differences among locals and expatriates affects a worker's motivation and performance. 

He said local workers may feel inferior or think there is racism because they share the same position or qualification. Mr. Marai said such pay inequalities have a double de-motivating impact on employees affecting both locals and expatriates.

He said low motivation affects work efficiency of employees and in turn they do not perform to their best whilst in the case of aid workers, they will not be able to fully execute their duties and responsibilities in administering aid. Mr. Marai said aid effectiveness can be achieved if human factors such as pay inequalities are resolved.

He said for too long strategies of reducing poverty have been based on economical and political views but now research has shown that the problem is also psychological.

The project 'Are Development Discrepancies undermining Performance?' or ADDUP is a breakthrough research which links poverty and psychology.

Mr. Marai said Data and findings from the research have already been compiled and ADDUP will launch its journal in July this year in Melbourne at the International Journal of Psychology Forum. He said the findings complements the PNG Government's Vision 2050 in aligning salaries.

He said from the journal, the government should be able to incorporate the findings and develop and implement policies that will execute a fair and equal pay system and enable aid effectiveness in reducing poverty.

ADDUP is a three year project jointly funded by the Economic Social Research Council of UK and the International Development Ministry of the British Government.  Headed by Professor of Psychology Stewart Carr of Massey University, New Zealand, ADDUP was conducted in six developing countries including PNG, Solomon Islands, China, India, Malawi and Uganda.


Anonymous said...

Leo Marai must wake up to the fact that poverty is the result of systems that deny humanfolks, whether workers in formal wage sector or a subsistent farmer, fisherman etc, from rise to a higher lever of prosperity. The banks will not give unsecured loans, women cannot get loans unless their husbands signs as security and when husbands refuse the women get nowhere and continue to live in poverty and denial, banks want collaterals, the IRC charges huge income taxes, the shops charge exorbitant prices and add 10% GST on top of every purchase, housing rentals are now in the thousands of kina range and out of reach for those who earn K500 or K750 per fortnight, buying a house is now luxury valued in the millions for homes built in the colonial days at Boroko, Korobosea, town -- all one does is to give a paint touch-up and ask for K2.5 million as sales price, what a joke. All systems in this country were created to make PNGians poor in a land of milk and honey.
Mi Les

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